Download or read book Brest-Litovsk PDF or another Format written by John W. Wheeler-Bennett and published by W W Norton & Company Incorporated. This book was released on 1971 with total page 478 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Dotyczy m. in. Polski.
Download or read book The Forgotten Peace, Brest-Litovsk, March 1918 PDF or another Format written by Sir John Wheeler Wheeler-Bennett and published by . This book was released on 1939 with total page 526 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download or read book Brest Litovsk the Forgotten Peace March 1918 PDF or another Format written by Wheeler_bennett Wheeler_bennett and published by Franklin Classics Trade Press. This book was released on 2018-11-10 with total page 490 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Download or read book Proceedings of the Brest-Litovsk Peace Conference PDF or another Format written by and published by Alpha Edition. This book was released on 2019-09-10 with total page 870 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book has been considered by academicians and scholars of great significance and value to literature. This forms a part of the knowledge base for future generations. So that the book is never forgotten we have represented this book in a print format as the same form as it was originally first published. Hence any marks or annotations seen are left intentionally to preserve its true nature.
Download or read book The Law of Armed Conflict and the Use of Force PDF or another Format written by Frauke Lachenmann and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 1473 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law."
Download or read book The First World War, 1914-1918 PDF or another Format written by Gerd Hardach and published by Univ of California Press. This book was released on 1981 with total page 346 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download or read book Ruling Russia PDF or another Format written by William Zimmerman and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2016-03-22 with total page 355 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The first book to trace the evolution of Russian politics from the Bolsheviks to Putin When the Soviet Union collapsed, many hoped that Russia's centuries-long history of autocratic rule might finally end. Yet today’s Russia appears to be retreating from democracy, not progressing toward it. Ruling Russia is the only book of its kind to trace the history of modern Russian politics from the Bolshevik Revolution to the presidency of Vladimir Putin. It examines the complex evolution of communist and post-Soviet leadership in light of the latest research in political science, explaining why the democratization of Russia has all but failed. William Zimmerman argues that in the 1930s the USSR was totalitarian but gradually evolved into a normal authoritarian system, while the post-Soviet Russian Federation evolved from a competitive authoritarian to a normal authoritarian system in the first decade of the twenty-first century. He traces how the selectorate—those empowered to choose the decision makers—has changed across different regimes since the end of tsarist rule. The selectorate was limited in the period after the revolution, and contracted still further during Joseph Stalin’s dictatorship, only to expand somewhat after his death. Zimmerman also assesses Russia’s political prospects in future elections. He predicts that while a return to totalitarianism in the coming decade is unlikely, so too is democracy. Rich in historical detail, Ruling Russia is the first book to cover the entire period of the regime changes from the Bolsheviks to Putin, and is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand why Russia still struggles to implement lasting democratic reforms.
Download or read book Germany on the March PDF or another Format written by Jonathan Martin Kolkey and published by University Press of America. This book was released on 1995 with total page 348 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Should we ever again trust Germany to behave itself? Germany on the March attempts to answer this question, treating familiar material in a unique, refreshing manner. The author explores the actual people, events, and ideas behind this stream of disturbing images and distrust associated with Germany. Kolkey provides special reference to the central role of domestic politics, relating it to the decision making process involved in the outbreak of all modern German wars. Germany on the March will be of interest to students of modern German History.
Download or read book Russia in Flames PDF or another Format written by Laura Engelstein and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018 with total page 866 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Author's Note -- Part I: Last Years of the Old Empire, 1904-1914 -- Part II: The Great War : Imperial Self-Destruction -- The Great War Begins -- Germans, Jews, Armenians -- Tearing Themselves Apart -- Conflict and Collapse -- Part III: 1917 : Contest for Control -- Five Days that Shook the World -- The Provisional Government and the War -- August-September : From Putsch to Coup -- Bolshevik October -- Death of the Constituent Assembly -- Politics from Below -- Part IV: Sovereign Claims -- The Peace that Wasn't -- Treason and Terror -- Finland's Civil War -- Baltic Entanglements -- Ukrainian Drama, Act I -- Colonial Repercussions -- Part V: War Within -- The Unquiet Don -- Foreign Bodies -- Trotsky Arms, Siberia Mobilizes -- Kolchak : the Wild East -- Ukraine, Act II -- War Against the Cossacks -- Miracle on the Vistula -- War Against the Jews : 1919-1920 -- The Last Page -- War Against the Peasants -- Part VI: Victory and Retreat -- The Proletariat in the Proletarian Dictatorship -- The Revolution Turns Against Itself -- Conclusion: Revolution Against Itself
Download or read book Inside the Enigma PDF or another Format written by Michael Hughes and published by A&C Black. This book was released on 1997-01-01 with total page 349 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The twentieth century has been fundamentally shaped by changes in Russia, where disaster in the First World War was followed by the fall of the Tsar. Nicholas II's replacement first by Kerensky's liberal government then by the Bolsheviks, and the subsequent Civil War and foreign intervention, led to the erection of a system of state tyranny previously unthought of. The Bolshevik regime, with its ideological hatred of other regimes, was a threat to the west where developments in Russia were watched with both horror and fascination. Britain's information about this series of extraordinary events, and about what might be about to happen next, was largely dependent on the small number of British officials, mainly diplomats, posted in Russia. Inside the Enigma gives us a view from an unusual and privileged angle of the history of Russia between the turn of the century and the beginning of the Second World War. The discomforts and privations suffered by British officials were matched by their frustration. Impenetrable Tsarist court intrigue was replaced by a wall of disinformation and suspicion after the Bolshevik seizure of power. Nevertheless, what they saw and reported makes remarkable reading.
Download or read book The Ottoman Endgame PDF or another Format written by Sean McMeekin and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2015-10-13 with total page 576 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An astonishing retelling of twentieth-century history from the Ottoman perspective, delivering profound new insights into World War I and the contemporary Middle East Between 1911 and 1922, a series of wars would engulf the Ottoman Empire and its successor states, in which the central conflict, of course, is World War I—a story we think we know well. As Sean McMeekin shows us in this revelatory new history of what he calls the “wars of the Ottoman succession,” we know far less than we think. The Ottoman Endgame brings to light the entire strategic narrative that led to an unstable new order in postwar Middle East—much of which is still felt today. The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East draws from McMeekin’s years of groundbreaking research in newly opened Ottoman and Russian archives. With great storytelling flair, McMeekin makes new the epic stories we know from the Ottoman front, from Gallipoli to the exploits of Lawrence in Arabia, and introduces a vast range of new stories to Western readers. His accounts of the lead-up to World War I and the Ottoman Empire’s central role in the war itself offers an entirely new and deeper vision of the conflict. Harnessing not only Ottoman and Russian but also British, German, French, American, and Austro-Hungarian sources, the result is a truly pioneering work of scholarship that gives full justice to a multitiered war involving many belligerents. McMeekin also brilliantly reconceives our inherited Anglo-French understanding of the war’s outcome and the collapse of the empire that followed. The book chronicles the emergence of modern Turkey and the carve-up of the rest of the Ottoman Empire as it has never been told before, offering a new perspective on such issues as the ethno-religious bloodletting and forced population transfers which attended the breakup of empire, the Balfour Declaration, the toppling of the caliphate, and the partition of Iraq and Syria—bringing the contemporary consequences into clear focus. Every so often, a work of history completely reshapes our understanding of a subject of enormous historical and contemporary importance. The Ottoman Endgame is such a book, an instantly definitive and thrilling example of narrative history as high art.
Download or read book Imperial Germany and the Great War, 1914–1918 PDF or another Format written by Roger Chickering and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2014-07-10 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the impact of the First World War on Imperial Germany and examines military aspects of the conflict, as well as the diplomacy, politics, and industrial mobilization of wartime Germany. Including maps, tables, and illustrations, it also offers a rich portrait of life on the home front - the war's pervasive effects on rich and poor, men and women, young and old, farmers and city-dwellers, Protestants, Catholics, and Jews. It analyzes the growing burdens of war and the translation of hardship into political opposition. The new edition incorporates the latest scholarship and expands the coverage of military action outside Europe, military occupation, prisoners of war, and the memory of war. This survey represents the most comprehensive history of Germany during the First World War. It will be of interest to all students of German and European history, as well as the history of war and society.
Author : George O. Liber
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release Date : 2016-01-01
ISBN 10 : 9781442627086
Pages : 488 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (442 users)
Download or read book Total Wars and the Making of Modern Ukraine, 1914-1954 PDF or another Format written by George O. Liber and published by University of Toronto Press. This book was released on 2016-01-01 with total page 488 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Between 1914 and 1954, the Ukrainian-speaking territories in East Central Europe suffered almost 15 million "excess deaths" as well as numerous large-scale evacuations and forced population transfers. These losses were the devastating consequences of the two world wars, revolutions, famines, genocidal campaigns, and purges that wracked Europe in the first half of the twentieth century and spread new ideas, created new political and economic systems, and crafted new identities. In Total Wars and the Making of Modern Ukraine, 1914-1954, George O. Liber argues that the continuous violence of the world wars and interwar years transformed the Ukrainian-speaking population of East Central Europe into self-conscious Ukrainians. Wars, mass killings, and forced modernization drives made and re-made Ukraine's boundaries, institutionalized its national identities, and pruned its population according to various state-sponsored political, racial, and social ideologies. In short, the two world wars, the Holodomor, and the Holocaust played critical roles in forming today's Ukraine. A landmark study of the terrifying scope and paradoxical consequences of mass violence in Europe's bloodlands, Liber's book will transform our understanding of the entangled histories of Ukraine, the USSR, Germany, and East Central Europe in the twentieth century.
Author : Rudolf Bernhardt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-05-12
ISBN 10 : 9781483256962
Pages : 316 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (483 users)
Download or read book Use of Force · War and Neutrality Peace Treaties (A-M) PDF or another Format written by Rudolf Bernhardt and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2014-05-12 with total page 316 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Encyclopedia of Public International Law, 3: Use of Force, War, and Neutrality Peace Treaties (A-M) focuses on hostile inter-State relations and associated questions, including the use of force, war, neutrality, and peace treaties. The publication first elaborates on the Munich Agreement, mines, militias, military reconnaissance, objectives, necessity, government, and forces abroad, mercenaries, liberation movements, land warfare, intervention, international military force, indiscriminate attack, and the Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928). The text then ponders on humanitarian law and armed conflict, flags and uniform in wars, enemies and enemy subjects, disarming of belligerents by neutrals, demarcation line, deserters, economic warfare, combatants, contributions, and contraband. The book examines collective punishment, measures, security, and self-defense, boundary settlements between Germany and her western neighbor states after World War II, bombardment, armistice, arms control, Asama Maru incident, air warfare, and alliance. The text is a vital source of data for researchers interested in the use of force, war, and neutrality peace treaties.
Download or read book John Reed And The Russian Revolution PDF or another Format written by Eric Homberger and published by Springer. This book was released on 1992-02-12 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download or read book Crucible PDF or another Format written by Charles Emmerson and published by Random House. This book was released on 2019-09-05 with total page 752 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 'Gripping . . . An amazingly audacious and completely innovative way of writing history' WILLIAM BOYD An enthralling narrative history with an international cast of characters that captures this definitive period after the close of the Great War. Lenin and Hitler, Einstein and Hemingway, Josephine Baker and Rosa Luxemburg, Marcus Garvey and Mustafa Kemal: key players and participants in a world on the cusp of modernity, at a moment when anything seemed possible. As the First World War reaches its awful climax, a shockwave of creative destruction is released. Europe is torn apart by revolution. America is in flames. A deadly pandemic stalks the globe. The curtain rises on a dangerous and exciting new era not unlike our own: of populists and prophets, freedom fighters and fascists, radical new ideas and clashing ideologies contesting an uncertain future. Crucible is the collective diary of this era, filled with vaulting dreams, dark fears, grubby ambitions and the absurdities of chance. Encompassing both tragedy and humour, it brings immediacy and intimacy to a moment of deep historical transformation - with consequences that echo down to today. 'Dazzling . . . A compelling patchwork depiction of an era' TLS 'This buoyant study of life after the Great War illuminates the part that chance plays in history' Observer
Download or read book Collective Trauma and the Armenian Genocide PDF or another Format written by Pamela Steiner and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2021-02-25 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this pathbreaking study, Pamela Steiner deconstructs the psychological obstacles that have prevented peaceful settlements to longstanding issues. The book re-examines more than 100 years of destructive ethno-religious relations among Armenians, Turks, and Azerbaijanis through the novel lens of collective trauma. The author argues that a focus on embedded, transgenerational collective trauma is essential to achieving more trusting, productive, and stable relationships in this and similar contexts. The book takes a deep dive into history - analysing the traumatic events, examining and positing how they motivated the actions of key players (both victims and perpetrators), and revealing how profoundly these traumas continue to manifest today among the three peoples, stymying healing and inhibiting achievement of a basis for positive change. The author then proposes a bold new approach to “conflict resolution” as a complement to other perspectives, such as power-based analyses and international human rights. Addressing the psychological core of the conflict, the author argues that a focus on embedded collective trauma is essential in this and similar arenas.