Download Characterizing Stellar and Exoplanetary Environments PDF

Characterizing Stellar and Exoplanetary Environments

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 3319097482
Pages : 310 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (97 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Characterizing Stellar and Exoplanetary Environments PDF or another Format written by Helmut Lammer and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-11-17 with total page 310 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book an international group of specialists discusses studies of exoplanets subjected to extreme stellar radiation and plasma conditions. It is shown that such studies will help us to understand how terrestrial planets and their atmospheres, including the early Venus, Earth and Mars, evolved during the host star’s active early phase. The book presents an analysis of findings from Hubble Space Telescope observations of transiting exoplanets, as well as applications of advanced numerical models for characterizing the upper atmosphere structure and stellar environments of exoplanets. The authors also address detections of atoms and molecules in the atmosphere of “hot Jupiters” by NASA’s Spitzer telescope. The observational and theoretical investigations and discoveries presented are both timely and important in the context of the next generation of space telescopes. The book is divided into four main parts, grouping chapters on exoplanet host star radiation and plasma environments, exoplanet upper atmosphere and environment observations, exoplanet and stellar magnetospheres, and exoplanet observation and characterization. The book closes with an outlook on the future of this research field.


Download Characterizing Stellar and Exoplanetary Environments PDF

Characterizing Stellar and Exoplanetary Environments

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319097497
Pages : 310 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (319 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Characterizing Stellar and Exoplanetary Environments PDF or another Format written by Helmut Lammer and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-11-03 with total page 310 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book an international group of specialists discusses studies of exoplanets subjected to extreme stellar radiation and plasma conditions. It is shown that such studies will help us to understand how terrestrial planets and their atmospheres, including the early Venus, Earth and Mars, evolved during the host star’s active early phase. The book presents an analysis of findings from Hubble Space Telescope observations of transiting exoplanets, as well as applications of advanced numerical models for characterizing the upper atmosphere structure and stellar environments of exoplanets. The authors also address detections of atoms and molecules in the atmosphere of “hot Jupiters” by NASA’s Spitzer telescope. The observational and theoretical investigations and discoveries presented are both timely and important in the context of the next generation of space telescopes. The book is divided into four main parts, grouping chapters on exoplanet host star radiation and plasma environments, exoplanet upper atmosphere and environment observations, exoplanet and stellar magnetospheres, and exoplanet observation and characterization. The book closes with an outlook on the future of this research field.


Download The Effect of Stellar Multiplicity on Exoplanetary Systems PDF

The Effect of Stellar Multiplicity on Exoplanetary Systems

Author :
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9782889715169
Pages : 94 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (889 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book The Effect of Stellar Multiplicity on Exoplanetary Systems PDF or another Format written by Steve B. Howell and published by Frontiers Media SA. This book was released on 2022-03-04 with total page 94 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Red Dwarfs PDF

Red Dwarfs

Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030255503
Pages : 370 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (3 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Red Dwarfs PDF or another Format written by David S. Stevenson and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2019-09-11 with total page 370 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This thought-provoking book looks at the nature of red dwarf systems as potential homes for life. Realistically, what are the prospects for life on these distant worlds? Could life evolve and survive there? How do these planetary surfaces and geologies evolve? How would life on a planet orbiting a red dwarf differ from life on Earth? And what are the implications for finding further habitable worlds in our galaxy? The author provides readers with insight into the habitability of planets and how this changes as time progresses and the central star evolves. Since the previous 2013 edition Under a Crimson Sun, there has been a rise in newly discovered planets orbiting red dwarfs, accompanied by controversial areas of research that test what we think we know about these systems. This revised edition delves into the wealth of new material uncovered since that date. It explains the often conflicting results and analyses put forward and clarifies our understanding of these exciting new worlds. The chapters explore the full width of relevant scientific discovery and speculation on the potential for red dwarf planets to host life. New content includes improved atmospheric models, new understandings of the impact of stellar radiation on the atmosphere of red dwarf worlds, tidal-locking, and comparisons with terrestrial geology and climate.


Download Life in the Cosmos PDF

Life in the Cosmos

Author :
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780674987579
Pages : 1089 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (674 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Life in the Cosmos PDF or another Format written by Manasvi Lingam and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2021-06-29 with total page 1089 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A rigorous and scientific analysis of the myriad possibilities of life beyond our planet. ÒAre we alone in the universe?Ó This tantalizing question has captivated humanity over millennia, but seldom has it been approached rigorously. Today the search for signatures of extraterrestrial life and intelligence has become a rapidly advancing scientific endeavor. Missions to Mars, Europa, and Titan seek evidence of life. Laboratory experiments have made great strides in creating synthetic life, deepening our understanding of conditions that give rise to living entities. And on the horizon are sophisticated telescopes to detect and characterize exoplanets most likely to harbor life. Life in the Cosmos offers a thorough overview of the burgeoning field of astrobiology, including the salient methods and paradigms involved in the search for extraterrestrial life and intelligence. Manasvi Lingam and Abraham Loeb tackle three areas of interest in hunting for life Òout thereÓ: first, the pathways by which life originates and evolves; second, planetary and stellar factors that affect the habitability of worlds, with an eye on the biomarkers that may reveal the presence of microbial life; and finally, the detection of technological signals that could be indicative of intelligence. Drawing on empirical data from observations and experiments, as well as the latest theoretical and computational developments, the authors make a compelling scientific case for the search for life beyond what we can currently see. Meticulous and comprehensive, Life in the Cosmos is a master class from top researchers in astrobiology, suggesting that the answer to our age-old question is closer than ever before.


Download Human Governance Beyond Earth PDF

Human Governance Beyond Earth

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319180632
Pages : 237 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (319 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Human Governance Beyond Earth PDF or another Format written by Charles S. Cockell and published by Springer. This book was released on 2015-07-14 with total page 237 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book extends the discussion of the nature of freedom and what it means for a human to be free. This question has occupied the minds of thinkers since the Enlightenment. However, without exception, every one of these discussions has focused on the character of liberty on Earth. In this volume the authors explore how people are likely to be governed in space and how that will affect what sort of liberty they experience. Who will control oxygen? How will people maximise freedom of movement in a lethal environment? What sort of political and economic systems can be created in places that will be inherently isolated? These are just a few of the major questions that bear on the topic of extra-terrestrial liberty. During the last forty years an increasing number of nations have developed the capability of launching people into space. The USA, Europe, Russia, China and soon India have human space exploration programs. These developments raise the fundamental question of how are humans to be governed in space. This book follows from a previous volume published in this series which looked at the Meaning of Liberty Beyond the Earth and explored what sort of freedoms could exist in space in a very general way. This new volume focuses on systems of governance and how they will influence which of these sorts of freedoms will become dominant in extra-terrestrial society. The book targets a wide readership covers many groups including: Space policy makers interested in understanding how societies will develop in space and what the policy implications might be for space organisations. Space engineers interested in understanding how social developments in space might influence the way in which infrastructure and space settlements should be designed. Space scientists interested in how scientific developments might influence the social structures of settlements beyond the Earth. Social scientists (political philosophers, ethicists etc) interested in understanding how societies will develop in the future.


Download Solar Prominences PDF

Solar Prominences

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319104164
Pages : 488 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (319 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Solar Prominences PDF or another Format written by Jean-Claude Vial and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-11-24 with total page 488 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume presents the latest research results on solar prominences, including new developments on e.g. chirality, fine structure, magnetism, diagnostic tools and relevant solar plasma physics. In 1875 solar prominences, as seen out of the solar limb, were described by P.A. Secchi in his book Le Soleil as "gigantic pink or peach-flower coloured flames". The development of spectroscopy, coronagraphy and polarimetry brought tremendous observational advances in the twentieth century. The authors present and discuss exciting new challenges (resulting from observations made by space and ground-based telescopes in the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century) concerning the diagnostics of prominences, their formation, their life time and their eruption along with their impact in the heliosphere (including the Earth). The book starts with a general introduction of the prominence “object” with some historical background on observations and instrumentation. In the next chapter, the various forms of prominences are described with a thorough attempt of classification. Their thermodynamic (and velocity) properties are then derived with emphasis on the methods (and their limits) used. This goes from the simplest optically thin case to the heavy radiative treatment of plasmas out of local thermodynamic equilibrium. The following chapters are devoted to the magnetic field measurements and indirect derivation. A new branch of diagnostic tools, the seismology, is presented along with some MHD basics. This allows to better understand the propagation of waves, the energy and force equilibria. Both small-scale and large-scale studies and their relationship are presented. The importance of the newly discovered cavities is stressed in the context of prominence destabilization. The issues of prominence formation and eruption, their connection with flares and Coronal Mass Ejections and their impact on the Earth are addressed on the basis of the latest results. Finally, an exciting new area of research is unveiled with the newly discovered evidence of similar manifestations in the Universe and their possible impact on the habitability of exoplanets. References to the basic physics (where necessary) are provided and the proposed web sites addresses will allow the reader to load exciting movies. The book is aimed at advanced students in astrophysics, post-graduates, solar physicists and more generally astrophysicists. Amateurs will enjoy the many new images which go with the text.


Download Exoplanet Science Strategy PDF

Exoplanet Science Strategy

Author :
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780309479417
Pages : 187 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (39 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Exoplanet Science Strategy PDF or another Format written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2019-01-17 with total page 187 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The past decade has delivered remarkable discoveries in the study of exoplanets. Hand-in-hand with these advances, a theoretical understanding of the myriad of processes that dictate the formation and evolution of planets has matured, spurred on by the avalanche of unexpected discoveries. Appreciation of the factors that make a planet hospitable to life has grown in sophistication, as has understanding of the context for biosignatures, the remotely detectable aspects of a planet's atmosphere or surface that reveal the presence of life. Exoplanet Science Strategy highlights strategic priorities for large, coordinated efforts that will support the scientific goals of the broad exoplanet science community. This report outlines a strategic plan that will answer lingering questions through a combination of large, ambitious community-supported efforts and support for diverse, creative, community-driven investigator research.


Download Protostars and Planets VI PDF

Protostars and Planets VI

Author :
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780816531240
Pages : 945 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (816 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Protostars and Planets VI PDF or another Format written by Henrik Beuther and published by University of Arizona Press. This book was released on 2014-12-18 with total page 945 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "This volume integrates the cross-disciplinary aspects of this broad field. Covering a wide range of scales, from the formation of large clouds in our Milky Way galaxy down to small chondrules in our solar system, it takes an encompassing view with the goal of highlighting what we know and emphasizing the frontiers of what we do not know"--


Download Habitability of the Universe before Earth PDF

Habitability of the Universe before Earth

Author :
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780128119419
Pages : 576 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (128 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Habitability of the Universe before Earth PDF or another Format written by and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2017-12-11 with total page 576 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Habitability of the Universe before Earth: Astrobiology: Exploring Life on Earth and Beyond (series) examines the times and places—before life existed on Earth—that might have provided suitable environments for life to occur, addressing the question: Is life on Earth de novo, or derived from previous life? The universe changed considerably during the vast epoch between the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago and the first evidence of life on Earth 4.3 billion years ago, providing significant time and space to contemplate where, when and under what circumstances life might have arisen. No other book covers this cosmic time period from the point of view of its potential for life. The series covers a broad range of topics encompassing laboratory and field research into the origins and evolution of life on Earth, life in extreme environments and the search for habitable environments in our solar system and beyond, including exoplanets, exomoons and astronomical biosignatures. Provides multiple hypotheses on the origin of life and distribution of living organisms in space Explores the diversity of physical environments that may support the origin and evolution of life Integrates contemporary views in biology and cosmology, and provides reasons that life is far more mobile in space than most people expect Includes access to a companion web site featuring supplementary information such as animated computer simulations


Download Exoplanet Discoveries PDF

Exoplanet Discoveries

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D03653613J
Pages : 100 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (31 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Exoplanet Discoveries PDF or another Format written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology (2011). Subcommittee on Space and published by . This book was released on 2013 with total page 100 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Planetary Exploration Horizon 2061 PDF

Planetary Exploration Horizon 2061

Author :
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780323902274
Pages : 456 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (323 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Planetary Exploration Horizon 2061 PDF or another Format written by Michel Blanc and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2022-11-04 with total page 456 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Planetary Exploration Horizon 2061: A Long-Term Perspective for Planetary Exploration synthesizes all the material elaborated and discussed during three workshops devoted to the Horizon 2061 foresight exercise. Sections cover the science of planetary systems, space missions to solar system objects, technologies for exploration, and infrastructures and services to support the missions and to maximize their science return. The editors follow the path of the implementation of a planetary mission, from the needed support in terms of navigation and communication, through the handling of samples returned to Earth, to the development of more permanent infrastructures for scientific human outposts on the Moon and Mars. This book also includes a special chapter entirely devoted to contributions from students and early-career scientists: the “Horizon 2061 generation and a final chapter on important avenues for the actual implementation of the planetary missions coming out of our “Dreams for Horizon 2061 : International cooperation, and the growing role and initiatives of private enterprise in planetary exploration. Provides a logical link between scientific questions and the technologies needed to thoroughly address them Organized chapters present a logical road map of subjects, while also stimulating a cross-disciplinary understanding of the scientific and technical challenges of planetary exploration Contains illustrations and tables that capture and synthesize knowledge of a broad readership


Download Wspc Handbook Of Astronomical Instrumentation, The (In 5 Volumes) PDF

Wspc Handbook Of Astronomical Instrumentation, The (In 5 Volumes)

Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789814644341
Pages : 1556 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (814 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Wspc Handbook Of Astronomical Instrumentation, The (In 5 Volumes) PDF or another Format written by and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2021-05-07 with total page 1556 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Our goal is to produce a comprehensive handbook of the current state of the art of astronomical instrumentation with a forward view encompassing the next decade. The target audience is graduate students with an interest in astronomical instrumentation, as well as practitioners interested in learning about the state of the art in another wavelength band or field closely related to the one in which they currently work. We assume a working knowledge of the fundamental theory: optics, semiconductor physics, etc. The purpose of this handbook is to bring together some of the leading experts in the world to discuss the frontier of astronomical instrumentation across the electromagnetic spectrum and extending into multimessenger astronomy.


Download Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life PDF

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life

Author :
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780128191712
Pages : 176 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (128 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life PDF or another Format written by Ana I. Gomez de Castro and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2021-03-27 with total page 176 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life addresses the use of astronomical observations in the ultraviolet range to better understand the generation of complex, life-precursor molecules. The origin of RNA is still under debate but seems to be related to the generation of pools of complex organic molecules submitted to heavy cycles of solution in water and drying. This book investigates whether these cycles require a planetary surface or may occur in space by examining both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of UV radiation in the origin of life. This book offers the latest advances in these studies for astronomers, astrobiologists and planetary scientists. Addresses both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of Ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the origin of life Builds on the requirements to produce prebiotic molecules in space and the implications for the origin of RNA Investigates the use of ultraviolet observations related to planetary system formation, the evolution of young planetary disks, and the interaction of stars with planetary atmospheres


Download Host Stars and their Effects on Exoplanet Atmospheres PDF

Host Stars and their Effects on Exoplanet Atmospheres

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030114527
Pages : 273 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (3 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Host Stars and their Effects on Exoplanet Atmospheres PDF or another Format written by Jeffrey Linsky and published by Springer. This book was released on 2019-05-23 with total page 273 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Like planets in our solar system, exoplanets form, evolve, and interact with their host stars in many ways. As exoplanets acquire material and grow to the final size, their atmospheres are subjected to intense UV and X-radiation and high-energy particle bombardment from the young host star. Whether a planet can retain its atmosphere and the conditions for significant mass loss both depend upon the strength of the host star's high-energy radiation and wind, the distance of the exoplanet from its host star, the gravitational potential of the exoplanet, and the initial chemical composition of the exoplanet atmosphere. This introductory overview describes the physical processes responsible for the emission of radiation and acceleration of winds of host stars that together control the environment of an exoplanet, focusing on topics that are critically important for understanding exoplanetary atmospheres but are usually not posed from the perspective of host stars. Accordingly, both host stars and exoplanets are not studied in isolation but are treated as integrated systems. Stellar magnetic fields, which are the energy source for activity phenomena including high-energy radiation and winds, play a critical role in determining whether exoplanets are habitable. This text is primarily for researchers and graduate students who are studying exoplanet atmospheres and habitability, but who may not have a background in the physics and phenomenology of host stars that provide the environment in which exoplanets evolve. It provides a comprehensive overview of this broad topic rather than going deeply into many technical aspects but includes a large list of references to guide those interested in pursuing these questions. Nonspecialists with a scientific background should also find this text a valuable resource for understanding the critical issues of contemporary exoplanet research.


Download Polarimetry of Stars and Planetary Systems PDF

Polarimetry of Stars and Planetary Systems

Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781316298947
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (316 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Polarimetry of Stars and Planetary Systems PDF or another Format written by Ludmilla Kolokolova and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2015-05-14 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Summarising the striking advances of the last two decades, this reliable introduction to modern astronomical polarimetry provides a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art techniques, models and research methods. Focusing on optical and near-infrared wavelengths, each detailed, up-to-date chapter addresses a different facet of recent innovations, including new instrumentation, techniques and theories; new methods based on laboratory studies, enabling the modelling of polarimetric characteristics for a wide variety of astronomical objects; emerging fields of polarimetric exploration, including proto-planetary and debris discs, icy satellites, transneptunian objects, exoplanets, and the search for extraterrestrial life; and unique results produced by space telescopes, and polarimeters aboard exploratory spacecraft. With contributions from an international team of accomplished researchers, this is an ideal resource for astronomers and researchers working in astrophysics, earth sciences, and remote sensing keen to learn more about this valuable diagnostic tool. The book is dedicated to the memory of renowned polarimetrist Tom Gehrels.


Download Planetary Astrobiology PDF

Planetary Astrobiology

Author :
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780816540068
Pages : 593 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (816 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Planetary Astrobiology PDF or another Format written by Victoria Meadows and published by University of Arizona Press. This book was released on 2020-07-07 with total page 593 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Are we alone in the universe? How did life arise on our planet? How do we search for life beyond Earth? These profound questions excite and intrigue broad cross sections of science and society. Answering these questions is the province of the emerging, strongly interdisciplinary field of astrobiology. Life is inextricably tied to the formation, chemistry, and evolution of its host world, and multidisciplinary studies of solar system worlds can provide key insights into processes that govern planetary habitability, informing the search for life in our solar system and beyond. Planetary Astrobiology brings together current knowledge across astronomy, biology, geology, physics, chemistry, and related fields, and considers the synergies between studies of solar systems and exoplanets to identify the path needed to advance the exploration of these profound questions. Planetary Astrobiology represents the combined efforts of more than seventy-five international experts consolidated into twenty chapters and provides an accessible, interdisciplinary gateway for new students and seasoned researchers who wish to learn more about this expanding field. Readers are brought to the frontiers of knowledge in astrobiology via results from the exploration of our own solar system and exoplanetary systems. The overarching goal of Planetary Astrobiology is to enhance and broaden the development of an interdisciplinary approach across the astrobiology, planetary science, and exoplanet communities, enabling a new era of comparative planetology that encompasses conditions and processes for the emergence, evolution, and detection of life.