Download or read book From Extrasolar Planets to Cosmology PDF or another Format written by Jacqueline Bergeron and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2000-04-14 with total page 828 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This symposium was dedicated to science opportunities with the VLT. All major areas of astronomical research were discussed in the plenary sessions, ranging from where we stand in cosmology to the new frontiers in the solar system. The workshops published in this volume focussed on different ways of finding clusters of galaxies at high redshift, on gravitational lensing by distant compact clusters, on the use of stellar populations as distance, age or abundance indicators, and on the extraordinary progress made in the discovery of extrasolar planets. This book affords a glimpse of what will be at the center of astrophysical research in the forthcoming decade. It is addressed to researchers and graduate students.
Download or read book Exoplanets, The Frontier of Modern Astronomy PDF or another Format written by Denzel Carter Jackson and published by Dttv Publications. This book was released on 2022-05-16 with total page 120 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Exoplanets have been found in a relatively small region of our galaxy, the Milky Way. According to NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, there are more planets in the universe than stars. Our solar system's exoplanets comprise similar elements to our planets, but their mixtures may differ. By measuring the sizes (diameters) and masses (weights) of exoplanets, we can determine their compositions, which range from very rocky (like Earth and Venus) to very gaseous (like Jupiter and Saturn). Some planets may be dominated by water, ice, or iron, while others are dominated by iron or carbon. A stellar world with lava seas, a puffy planet, and a planet whose core is as dense as Styrofoam have been identified. Since then, we've discovered thousands of exoplanets using various detection methods. From Earth, it is infrequent to see an exoplanet through a telescope the way you might see Saturn. Direct imaging has only been used to find a handful of exoplanets (and these are usually young gas giants orbiting very far from their stars). Exoplanets are now part of our universe. There are thousands of confirmed planets. This is only a tiny part of the entire galaxy. As we increase the number and observing power of robotic telescopes deployed in space, the number could rise into the tens of thousands within a decade. Since then, we've discovered thousands of exoplanets using various detection methods. From Earth, it is infrequent to see an exoplanet through a telescope the way you might see Saturn. That's called direct imaging, and only a handful of exoplanets have been found this way (and these are young gas giant planets orbiting very far from their stars). Exoplanets are now part of our universe. Thousands of planets have been confirmed. This is only a tiny sampling of the galaxy. By deploying more robotic telescopes into space, we will see tens of thousands of stars within a decade.
Download or read book Planetary Systems PDF or another Format written by Marc Ollivier and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2008-11-27 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Over the past ten years, the discovery of extrasolar planets has opened a new field of astronomy, and this area of research is rapidly growing, from both the observational and theoretical point of view. The presence of many giant exoplanets in the close vicinity of their star shows that these newly discovered planetary systems are very different from the solar system. New theoretical models are being developed in order to understand their formation scenarios, and new observational methods are being implemented to increase the sensitivity of exoplanet detections. In the present book, the authors address the question of planetary systems from all aspects. Starting from the facts (the detection of more than 300 extraterrestrial planets), they first describe the various methods used for these discoveries and propose a synthetic analysis of their global properties. They then consider the observations of young stars and circumstellar disks and address the case of the solar system as a specific example, different from the newly discovered systems. Then the study of planetary systems and of exoplanets is presented from a more theoretical point of view. The book ends with an outlook to future astronomical projects, and a description of the search for life on exoplanets. This book addresses students and researchers who wish to better understand this newly expanding field of research.
Download or read book The Exoplanet Handbook PDF or another Format written by Michael Perryman and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2011-05-26 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Exoplanet research is one of the most explosive subjects in astronomy today. More than 500 exoplanets are now known, and groups world-wide are actively involved in a broad range of observational and theoretical efforts. This book ties together these many avenues of investigation - from the perspectives of observation, technology and theory - to give a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the entire field. All areas of exoplanet investigation are covered, making it a unique and valuable guide for researchers in astronomy and planetary science, including those new to the field. It treats the many different techniques now available for exoplanet detection and characterisation, the broad range of underlying physics, the overlap with related topics in solar system and Earth sciences, and the concepts underpinning future developments. It emphasises the interconnection between the various fields and provides extensive references to more in-depth treatments and reviews.
Download or read book Extrasolar Planets and Astrobiology PDF or another Format written by Caleb A. Scharf and published by University Science Books. This book was released on 2009 with total page 496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "This book: Provides extensive grounding in key issues of astrophysics, chemistry, biology and geophysics; over 150 images and illustrations; exercises for each chapter, ranging from straightforward calculation problems to more far-ranging research-oriented exercises; an online component for users that includes new exercises and a continually updated blog of late-breaking scientific news items, fully cross referenced with the book; and extensive bibliographies for each chapter."--BOOK JACKET.
Download or read book Exoplanet Atmospheres PDF or another Format written by Sara Seager and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2010-08-02 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Over the past twenty years, astronomers have identified hundreds of extrasolar planets--planets orbiting stars other than the sun. Recent research in this burgeoning field has made it possible to observe and measure the atmospheres of these exoplanets. This is the first textbook to describe the basic physical processes--including radiative transfer, molecular absorption, and chemical processes--common to all planetary atmospheres, as well as the transit, eclipse, and thermal phase variation observations that are unique to exoplanets. In each chapter, Sara Seager offers a conceptual introduction, examples that combine the relevant physics equations with real data, and exercises. Topics range from foundational knowledge, such as the origin of atmospheric composition and planetary spectra, to more advanced concepts, such as solutions to the radiative transfer equation, polarization, and molecular and condensate opacities. Since planets vary widely in their atmospheric properties, Seager emphasizes the major physical processes that govern all planetary atmospheres. Moving from first principles to cutting-edge research, Exoplanet Atmospheres is an ideal resource for students and researchers in astronomy and earth sciences, one that will help prepare them for the next generation of planetary science. The first textbook to describe exoplanet atmospheres Illustrates concepts using examples grounded in real data Provides a step-by-step guide to understanding the structure and emergent spectrum of a planetary atmosphere Includes exercises for students
Author : Ivan I. Shevchenko
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-09-16
ISBN 10 : 9783319435220
Pages : 194 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (319 users)
Download or read book The Lidov-Kozai Effect - Applications in Exoplanet Research and Dynamical Astronomy PDF or another Format written by Ivan I. Shevchenko and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-09-16 with total page 194 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book deals with an effect in celestial mechanics that has become quite important in exoplanet research. The Lidov-Kozai effect reveals itself in coherent periodic variations (which can be very large) of the inclination and eccentricity of an orbiting body in the presence of an inclined perturber. The effect is known to be important in the motion of many asteroids and planetary satellites. What is more, now it attracts more and more interest in the astronomical and astrophysical community due to its relevance for many exoplanetary systems. Recent years witnessed major advancements in its theory. It would be no exaggeration to say that nowadays the Lidov-Kozai effect becomes one of the most studied astrophysical effects. This book covers the multitude of the Lidov-Kozai effect’s modern applications and its theory developments. It will be useful for researchers and students working in astrophysics, celestial mechanics, stellar dynamics, theoretical mechanics, space missions design, depending on the interests of the reader. The book is self-contained. It provides the full detailed coverage of the effect’s theory and applications.
Download or read book Exoplanets and Alien Solar Systems PDF or another Format written by Tahir Yaqoob and published by New Earth Labs. This book was released on 2011-11 with total page 254 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An unprecedented number of planets outside of the solar system have been found, with an explosion in the number of discoveries in recent years. Find out what has been happening in this rapidly advancing arena of human exploration, what these extrasolar planets are like, and why some traditional ideas face being thrown out.
Download or read book Extrasolar Planets PDF or another Format written by Patrick Cassen and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2007-05-17 with total page 454 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Research on extrasolar planets is one of the most exciting fields of activity in astrophysics. In a decade only, a huge step forward has been made from the early speculations on the existence of planets orbiting "other stars" to the first discoveries and to the characterization of extrasolar planets. This breakthrough is the result of a growing interest of a large community of researchers as well as the development of a wide range of new observational techniques and facilities. Based on their lectures given at the 31st Saas-Fee Advanced Course, Andreas Quirrenbach, Tristan Guillot and Pat Cassen have written up up-to-date comprehensive lecture notes on the "Detection and Characterization of Extrasolar Planets", "Physics of Substellar Objects Interiors, Atmospheres, Evolution" and "Protostellar Disks and Planet Formation". This book will serve graduate students, lecturers and scientists entering the field of extrasolar planets as detailed and comprehensive introduction.
Download or read book Fundamental Astronomy PDF or another Format written by Hannu Karttunen and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2003-06-23 with total page 486 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Fundamental Astronomy is a well-balanced, comprehensive introduction to classical and modern astronomy. While emphasizing both the astronomical concepts and the underlying physical principles, the text provides a sound basis for more profound studies in the astronomical sciences. This is the fifth edition of the successful undergraduate textbook and reference work. It has been extensively modernized and extended in the parts dealing with extragalactic astronomy and cosmology. You will also find augmented sections on the solar system, extrasolar planets and astrobiology. Long considered a standard text for physical science majors, Fundamental Astronomy is also an excellent reference work for dedicated amateur astronomers.
Download or read book Exploring the Cosmic Frontier PDF or another Format written by A.P. Lobanov and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2007-02-15 with total page 246 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On May 18-21, 2004, the Max-Planck-Society’s Harnack-Haus in Dahlem, Berlin hosted the international symposium "Exploring the Cosmic Frontier: Astrophysical Instruments for the 21st Century". The symposium was dedicated to exploring the complementarity and synergies between different branches of astrophysical research, by presenting and discussing the fundamental scientific problems that will be addressed in the next few decades.
Download or read book Habitability and Cosmic Catastrophes PDF or another Format written by Arnold Hanslmeier and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2008-11-14 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The search for life in the universe is one of the most challenging topics of science. It is not a modern topic at all, since more than 100 years ago, it was speculated that on the Moon, there are oceans and seas; on Venus, there are swamps and also Mars is inhabitated. However, now we have the scienti?c background and the scienti?c tools to answer this question and it is also certain that the answer would have deep imp- cations for our culture, philosophy, and religions. If we ?nd that life has developed on other planets or satellites of giant planets, then this would be the ?nal breakdown of our central position in the universe. But is life a widespread phenomenon? How vulnerable is it to changing conditions and even catastrophic events? These topics will be discussed in this book. If life is in the extreme case a unique phenomenon found only on planet Earth, which seems to be highly unrealistic, then also it is important to discuss how it is adaptable to changing external conditions. Can we survive a cosmic catastrophe? How do these catastrophes change habitability? Which forms of life are more v- nerable? It was mentioned that now science has made great progress to answer such qu- tions. Let us give some examples. In modern biology, in connection with organic chemistry, the origin of life is studied.
Download or read book Astronomy and Astrophysics - Volume I PDF or another Format written by Oddbjørn Engvold Bozena Czerny, John Lattanzio and Rolf Stabell and published by EOLSS Publications. This book was released on 2012-11-30 with total page 508 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Astronomy is the science of everything – with the exception of the Earth and everything on it and inside. Astronomy has a rich heritage dating back to the myths and legends of antiquity and the course of civilization has been greatly affected by mankind’s interpretation of what they saw in the starry sky and experienced through seasonal changes associated with the Sun and Moon. Early astronomy is associated with the definition of calendars which were needed to predict the dates of such as religious festivals and the numbers of months. A gradual shift of emphasis from astronomy to its sister, astrophysics, which took place through the 19th century, is generally attributed to the measurement of reliable stellar distances and the development of spectroscopy as a tool for understanding the physical nature of stars. Many paradigms in astronomy and its many subfields are continuously being shaken. New insights in the intricacy and elegance of the cosmos are steadily being obtained. Every few decennia, our concepts of the Universe are challenged and substantially modified. The reasons for this are the continuous development of new observing techniques and instruments for observatories both ground-based and in space, in addition to considerable progress in mathematics and physics, including computational ability. Our Universe harbors numerous phenomena and processes representing conditions that cannot be duplicated in terrestrial laboratories. Astronomy therefore frequently leads to fundamentally new insight and knowledge far beyond astronomy itself. Last but not least, it represents a first inspiring introduction to natural science, especially among young people, which is an extra motivation to many scientists to contribute to the Astronomy and Astrophysics Theme of this Encyclopedia. The book on Astronomy and Astrophysics with contributions from distinguished experts in the field, represents a first inspiring introduction to natural science, especially among young people, which is an extra motivation to many scientists to contribute to the Astronomy and Astrophysics Theme of this Encyclopedia. The first chapter which treats the development of astronomy and astrophysics in a historical perspective is followed by an account of the impact of astronomy on human culture and civilization. Observational astronomy is facing a number of environmental challenges. The nature and complexity of these and how the associated problems are met and overcome are described in the third article. Various aspects of our solar system are covered by authoritative articles on the Sun, planets including their satellites and smaller bodies, plus a review of the laws of motions and orbits of celestial bodies. The detection and studies of exo-solar planetary systems is rapidly developing field in astronomy which is treated in a separate chapter. Then follow fascinating up-to-date overviews on stars describing their formation, structure and life cycles. Stars are the building blocks of larger cosmic entities leading to the enigmatic galaxies composed of billions of stars, and gradually to clusters of galaxies. The final chapters cover the origin and evolution of galaxies and the large-scale structure of the Universe, including dark matter and dark energy which are among the most fascinating problems of physics today. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Download or read book Astronomy, Cosmology and Fundamental Physics PDF or another Format written by Peter A. Shaver and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2003-07-11 with total page 536 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides an overview of many of the dramatic recent developments in the fields of astronomy, cosmology and fundamental physics. Topics include observations of the structure in the cosmic background radiation, evidence for an accelerating Universe, the extraordinary concordance in the fundamental parameters of the Universe coming from these and other diverse observations, the search for dark matter candidates, evidence for neutrino oscillations, space experiments on fundamental physics, and discoveries of extrasolar planets. This book will be useful for researchers and graduate students who wish to have a broad overview of the current developments in these fields.
Author : Andrea Merloni
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2005-04-25
ISBN 10 : 3540252754
Pages : 524 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (252 users)
Download or read book Growing Black Holes: Accretion in a Cosmological Context PDF or another Format written by Andrea Merloni and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2005-04-25 with total page 524 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Supermassive black holes are now believed to play an important role in the evolution of the Universe. Every respectable galaxy hosts in its center a black hole that appears to regulate the growth of the galaxy itself. In this book, leading experts in the field review the most recent theoretical and observational results on the following topics: - formation and growth of the first black holes in the Universe and their role in the formation and evolution of galaxies - the physics of black-hole accretion and the production of relativistic jets - binary black-hole mergers and gravitational radiation. Theoretical work is supplemented by the most recent exciting results from space and ground based observatories. This volume is useful research and reference tool for the entire astrophysical community.
Download or read book Extrasolar Planets PDF or another Format written by Rudolf Dvorak and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2008-06-25 with total page 305 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This latest, up-to-date resource for research on extrasolar planets covers formation, dynamics, atmospheres and detection. After a look at the formation of giant planets, the book goes on to discuss the formation and dynamics of planets in resonances, planets in double stars, atmospheres and habitable zones, detection via spectra and transits, and the history and prospects of ESPs as well as satellite projects. Edited by a renowned expert in solar system dynamics with chapters written by the leading experts in the method described -- from the US and Europe -- this is an ideal textbook for graduates, students in astronomy, and astronomers.
Download or read book Cosmology: Astronomy and Astrophysics PDF or another Format written by Vivian Miles and published by . This book was released on 2019-06-04 with total page 237 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The study of the universe, its origin, evolution and future is under the scope of cosmology. Astronomy is the science concerned with celestial objects such as stars, galaxies, planets, gamma ray bursts, etc. and their associated phenomena, origin and evolution. Cosmology deals with the universe as a whole, while astronomy studies individual celestial objects of the universe. Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy, which integrates the principles of physics and chemistry for the study of the nature of astronomical objects. The objects studied in astrophysics are stars, extrasolar planets, galaxies, cosmic microwave background and the interstellar medium. The studies of these are approached from both theoretical and observational astrophysics. This book is a compilation of chapters that discuss the most vital concepts and emerging trends in the fields of cosmology, astrophysics and astronomy. Different approaches, evaluations, methodologies and advanced studies in these fields have been included in this book. It is meant for students who are looking for an elaborate reference text on these domains.