Download Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon PDF

Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon

Author :
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780226164878
Pages : 364 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (226 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon PDF or another Format written by Matthew Stanley and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2014-11-24 with total page 364 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the Victorian period science shifted from being practiced in a theistic context (integrating religious considerations and ideas) to a naturalistic context (explicitly forbidding religious matters). This book examines the foundations of that change. While it is generally thought that the transformation was due to the methodological superiority of naturalistic science, Matthew Stanley shows that most of the methodological values underlying scientific practice were virtually identical between the theists and the naturalists. Each agreed on the importance of the uniformity of natural laws, the use of hypothesis and theory, the moral value of science, and intellectual freedom. This was despite the claims by both groups that those fundamentals were intrinsic to their worldview, and completely incompatible with that of their opponents. Stanley goes on to argue that the victory of the scientific naturalists came from deliberate strategies executed over a generation to gain control of the institutions of scientific education and to re-imagine the history of their discipline. Rather than a sudden revolution, the similarity between theistic and naturalistic science allowed for a relatively smooth transition in practice from the old guard to the new. "Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon" explores this shift through a parallel study of two major scientific figures: James Clerk Maxwell, a devout Christian physicist, and Thomas Henry Huxley, the iconoclast biologist who coined the word agnostic. Both were deeply engaged in the methodological, institutional, and political issues that were crucial to the theistic-naturalistic transformation. The author s astute examination of the ascendance of scientific naturalism sheds new light on the controversies over science and religion in modern America. "


Download Victorian Culture and the Origin of Disciplines PDF

Victorian Culture and the Origin of Disciplines

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781000124170
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 ( users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Victorian Culture and the Origin of Disciplines PDF or another Format written by Bennett Zon and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-06-20 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Current studies in disciplinarity range widely across philosophical and literary contexts, producing heated debate and entrenched divergences. Yet, despite their manifest significance for us today seldom have those studies engaged with the Victorian origins of modern disciplinarity. Victorian Culture and the Origin of Disciplines adds a crucial missing link in that history by asking and answering a series of deceptively simple questions: how did Victorians define a discipline; what factors impinged upon that definition; and how did they respond to disciplinary understanding? Structured around sections on professionalization, university curriculums, society journals, literary genres and interdisciplinarity, Victorian Culture and the Origin of Disciplines addresses the tangled bank of disciplinarity in the arts, humanities, social sciences and natural sciences including musicology, dance, literature, and art history; classics, history, archaeology, and theology; anthropology, psychology; and biology, mathematics and physics. Chapters examine the generative forces driving disciplinary formation, and gauge its success or failure against social, cultural, political, and economic environmental pressures. No other volume has focused specifically on the origin of Victorian disciplines in order to track the birth, death, and growth of the units into which knowledge was divided in this period, and no other volume has placed such a wide array of Victorian disciplines in their cultural context.


Download A Pioneer of Connection PDF

A Pioneer of Connection

Author :
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780822987314
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (822 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book A Pioneer of Connection PDF or another Format written by James Mussell and published by University of Pittsburgh Press. This book was released on 2020-05-26 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Sir Oliver Lodge was a polymathic scientific figure who linked the Victorian Age with the Second World War, a reassuring figure of continuity across his long life and career. A physicist and spiritualist, inventor and educator, author and authority, he was one of the most famous public figures of British science in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A pioneer in the invention of wireless communication and later of radio broadcasting, he was foundational for twentieth-century media technology and a tireless communicator who wrote upon and debated many of the pressing interests of the day in the sciences and far beyond. Yet since his death, Lodge has been marginalized. By uncovering the many aspects of his life and career, and the changing dynamics of scientific authority in an era of specialization, contributors to this volume reveal how figures like Lodge fell out of view as technical experts came to dominate the public understanding of science in the second half of the twentieth century. They account for why he was so greatly cherished by many of his contemporaries, examine the reasons for his eclipse, and consider what Lodge, a century on, might teach us about taking a more integrated approach to key scientific controversies of the day.


Download A Final Story PDF

A Final Story

Author :
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780226500737
Pages : 608 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (226 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book A Final Story PDF or another Format written by Nasser Zakariya and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2017-11-14 with total page 608 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Popular science readers embrace epics—the sweeping stories that claim to tell the history of all the universe, from the cosmological to the biological to the social. And the appeal is understandable: in writing these works, authors such as E. O. Wilson or Steven Weinberg deliberately seek to move beyond particular disciplines, to create a compelling story weaving together natural historical events, scientific endeavor, human discovery, and contemporary existential concerns. In A Final Story, Nasser Zakariya delves into the origins and ambitions of these scientific epics, from the nineteenth century to the present, to see what they reveal about the relationship between storytelling, integrated scientific knowledge, and historical method. While seeking to transcend the perspectives of their own eras, the authors of the epics and the debates surrounding them are embedded in political and social struggles of their own times, struggles to which the epics in turn respond. In attempts to narrate an approach to a final, true account, these synthesizing efforts shape and orient scientific developments old and new. By looking closely at the composition of science epics and the related genres developed along with them, we are able to view the historical narrative of science as a form of knowledge itself, one that discloses much about the development of our understanding of and relationship to science over time.


Download Buddhism in Dialogue with Contemporary Societies PDF

Buddhism in Dialogue with Contemporary Societies

Author :
Publisher : Waxmann Verlag
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783830990734
Pages : 316 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (83 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Buddhism in Dialogue with Contemporary Societies PDF or another Format written by Carola Roloff and published by Waxmann Verlag. This book was released on 2020 with total page 316 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The growing pluralization of religion and culture in Europe means that we encounter an increasing number of Buddhist immigrants as well as ‘Western’ converts. Against this background, in June 2018, the Academy of World Religions and the Numata Center for Buddhist Studies at the University of Hamburg (Germany), invited scholars of Theravāda, East Asian and Tibetan Buddhism. The questions discussed referred to: - Does Buddhism matter today? What can it contribute? - Must Buddhism adapt to the modern world? How can Buddhism adapt to a non-Asia context? - When Buddhism travels, what must be preserved if Buddhism is to remain Buddhism? The contributions in this volume show not only that Buddhism matters in the West but that it already has its strong impact on our societies. Therefore, universities in Europe should include Buddhist theories and techniques in their curricula.


Download Science Without God? PDF

Science Without God?

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780192571557
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (192 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Science Without God? PDF or another Format written by Peter Harrison and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-11-29 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Can scientific explanation ever make reference to God or the supernatural? The present consensus is no; indeed, a naturalistic stance is usually taken to be a distinguishing feature of modern science. Some would go further still, maintaining that the success of scientific explanation actually provides compelling evidence that there are no supernatural entities, and that true science, from the very beginning, was opposed to religious thinking. Science without God? Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism shows that the history of Western science presents us with a more nuanced picture. Beginning with the naturalists of ancient Greece, and proceeding through the middle ages, the scientific revolution, and into the nineteenth century, the contributors examine past ideas about 'nature' and 'the supernatural'. Ranging over different scientific disciplines and historical periods, they show how past thinkers often relied upon theological ideas and presuppositions in their systematic investigations of the world. In addition to providing material that contributes to a history of 'nature' and naturalism, this collection challenges a number of widely held misconceptions about the history of scientific naturalism.


Download Respectably Catholic and Scientific PDF

Respectably Catholic and Scientific

Author :
Publisher : CUA Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780813234311
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (813 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Respectably Catholic and Scientific PDF or another Format written by Alexander Pavuk and published by CUA Press. This book was released on 2021 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Examines the traditions of rational analysis and skeptical enquiry that fueled Catholic involvement with the science of evolution, eugenics, and birth control in the interwar period in the United States"--


Download Nineteenth-Century British Secularism PDF

Nineteenth-Century British Secularism

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781137463890
Pages : 257 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (137 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Nineteenth-Century British Secularism PDF or another Format written by Michael Rectenwald and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-03-08 with total page 257 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nineteenth-Century British Secularism offers a new paradigm for understanding secularization in the nineteenth century. It addresses the crisis in the secularization thesis by foregrounding a nineteenth-century development called 'Secularism' – the particular movement and creed founded by George Jacob Holyoake from 1851 to 1852. Nineteenth-Century British Secularism rethinks and reevaluates the significance of Holyoake's Secularism, regarding it as a historic moment of modernity and granting it centrality as both a herald and exemplar for a new understanding of modern secularity. In addition to Secularism proper, the book treats several other moments of secular emergence in the nineteenth century, including Thomas Carlyle's 'natural supernaturalism', Richard Carlile's anti-theist science advocacy, Charles Lyell's uniformity principle in geology, Francis Newman's naturalized religion or 'primitive Christianity', and George Eliot's secularism and post-secularism.


Download Victorian Contingencies PDF

Victorian Contingencies

Author :
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781503629769
Pages : 264 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (53 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Victorian Contingencies PDF or another Format written by Tina Young Choi and published by Stanford University Press. This book was released on 2021-12-14 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Contingency is not just a feature of modern politics, finance, and culture—by thinking contingently, nineteenth-century Britons rewrote familiar narratives and upended forgone conclusions. Victorian Contingencies shows how scientists, novelists, and consumers engaged in new formal and material experiments with cause and effect, past and present, that actively undermined routine certainties. Tina Young Choi traces contingency across a wide range of materials and media, from newspaper advertisements and children's stories to well-known novels, scientific discoveries, technological innovations. She shows how Charles Lyell and Charles Darwin reinvented geological and natural histories as spaces for temporal and causal experimentation, while the nascent insurance industry influenced Charles Babbage's computational designs for a machine capable of responding to a contingent future. Choi pairs novelists George Eliot and Lewis Carroll with physicist James Clerk Maxwell, demonstrating how they introduced possibility and probability into once-assured literary and scientific narratives. And she explores the popular board games and pre-cinematic visual entertainments that encouraged Victorians to navigate a world made newly uncertain. By locating contingency within these cultural contexts, this book invites a deep and multidisciplinary reassessment of the longer histories of causality, closure, and chance.


Download Imagining the Darwinian Revolution PDF

Imagining the Darwinian Revolution

Author :
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780822988724
Pages : 347 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (822 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Imagining the Darwinian Revolution PDF or another Format written by Ian Hesketh and published by University of Pittsburgh Press. This book was released on 2022-06-14 with total page 347 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume considers the relationship between the development of evolution and its historical representations by focusing on the so-called Darwinian Revolution. The very idea of the Darwinian Revolution is a historical construct devised to help explain the changing scientific and cultural landscape that was ushered in by Charles Darwin’s singular contribution to natural science. And yet, since at least the 1980s, science historians have moved away from traditional “great man” narratives to focus on the collective role that previously neglected figures have played in formative debates of evolutionary theory. Darwin, they argue, was not the driving force behind the popularization of evolution in the nineteenth century. This volume moves the conversation forward by bringing Darwin back into the frame, recognizing that while he was not the only important evolutionist, his name and image came to signify evolution itself, both in the popular imagination as well as in the work and writings of other evolutionists. Together, contributors explore how the history of evolution has been interpreted, deployed, and exploited to fashion the science behind our changing understandings of evolution from the nineteenth century to the present.


Download Inventing the Universe PDF

Inventing the Universe

Author :
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781444798470
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (444 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Inventing the Universe PDF or another Format written by Alister E McGrath and published by Hachette UK. This book was released on 2015-10-08 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: We just can't stop talking about the big questions around science and faith. They haven't gone away, as some predicted they might; in fact, we seem to talk about them more than ever. Far from being a spent force, religion continues to grow around the world. Meanwhile, Richard Dawkins and the New Atheists argue that religion is at war with science - and that we have to choose between them. It's time to consider a different way of looking at these two great cultural forces. What if science and faith might enrich each other? What if they can together give us a deep and satisfying understanding of life? Alister McGrath, one of the world's leading authorities on science and religion, engages with the big questions that Dawkins and others have raised - including origins, the burden of proof, the meaning of life, the existence of God and our place in the universe. Informed by the best and latest scholarship, Inventing the Universe is a groundbreaking new primer for the complex yet fascinating relationship between science and faith.


Download Making Modern Science, Second Edition PDF

Making Modern Science, Second Edition

Author :
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780226365930
Pages : 608 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (226 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Making Modern Science, Second Edition PDF or another Format written by Peter J. Bowler and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2020-08-17 with total page 608 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this new edition of the top-selling coursebook, seasoned historians Peter J. Bowler and Iwan Rhys Morus expand on their authoritative survey of how the development of science has shaped our world. Exploring both the history of science and its influence on modern thought, the authors chronicle the major developments in scientific thinking, from the revolutionary ideas of the seventeenth century to contemporary issues in genetics, physics, and more. Thoroughly revised and expanded, the second edition draws on the latest research and scholarship. It also contains two entirely new chapters: one that explores the impact of computing on the development of science, and another that shows how the West used science and technology as tools for geopolitical expansion. Designed for entry-level college courses and as a single-volume introduction for the general reader, Making Modern Science presents the history of science not as a series of names and dates, but as an interconnected and complex web of relationships joining science and society.


Download The Metaphysical Society (1869-1880) PDF

The Metaphysical Society (1869-1880)

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780198846499
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (198 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book The Metaphysical Society (1869-1880) PDF or another Format written by Catherine Marshall and published by . This book was released on 2019-08-08 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Metaphysical Society was founded in 1869 at the instigation of James Knowles (editor of the Contemporary Review and then of the Nineteenth Century) with a view to 'collect, arrange, and diffuse Knowledge (whether objective or subjective) of mental and moral phenomena' (first resolution ofthe society in April 1869). The Society was a private dining and debate club that gathered together a latter-day clerisy. Building on the tradition of the Cambridge Apostles, they elected talented members from across the Victorian intellectual spectrum: Bishops, one Cardinal, philosophers, men ofscience, literary figures, and politicians. The Society included in its 62 members prominent figures such as T. H. Huxley, William Gladstone, Walter Bagehot, Henry Edward Manning, John Ruskin, and Alfred Lord Tennyson.The Metaphysical Society (1869-1880) moves beyond Alan Willard Brown's 1947 pioneering study of the Metaphysical Society by offering a more detailed analysis of its inner dynamics and its larger impact outside the dining room at the Grosvenor Hotel. The contributors shed light on many of thecolourful figures that joined the Society as well as the alliances that they formed with fellow members. The collection also examines the major concepts that informed the papers presented at Society meetings. By discussing groups, important individuals, and underlying concepts, the volumecontributes to a rich, new picture of Victorian intellectual life during the 1870's, a period when intellectuals were wondering how, and what, to believe in a time of social change, spiritual crisis, and scientific progress.


Download The Scientific Method PDF

The Scientific Method

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780674976191
Pages : 384 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (674 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book The Scientific Method PDF or another Format written by Henry M. Cowles and published by . This book was released on 2020 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The scientific method is just over a hundred years old. From debates about the evolution of the human mind to the rise of instrumental reasoning, Henry M. Cowles shows how the idea of a single "scientific method" emerged from a turn inward by psychologists that produced powerful epistemological and historical effects that are still with us today.


Download Evangelicals and the Philosophy of Science PDF

Evangelicals and the Philosophy of Science

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781000296174
Pages : 172 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 ( users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Evangelicals and the Philosophy of Science PDF or another Format written by Stuart Mathieson and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-11-29 with total page 172 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book investigates the debates around religion and science at the influential Victoria Institute. Founded in London in 1865, and largely drawn from the evangelical wing of the Church of England, it had as its prime objective the defence of ‘the great truths revealed in Holy Scripture’ from ‘the opposition of science, falsely so called’. The conflict for them was not between science and religion directly, but what exactly constituted true science. Chapters cover the Victoria Institute’s formation, its heyday in the late nineteenth century, and its decline in the years following the First World War. They show that at stake was more than any particular theory; rather, it was an entire worldview, combining theology, epistemology, and philosophy of science. Therefore, instead of simply offering a survey of religious responses to evolutionary theory, this study demonstrates the complex relationship between science, evangelical religion, and society in the years after Darwin’s Origin of Species. It also offers some insight as to why conservative evangelicals did not display the militancy of some American fundamentalists with whom they shared so many of their intellectual commitments. Filling in a significant gap in the literature around modern attitudes to religion and science, this book will be of keen interest to scholars of Religious Studies, the History of Religion, and Science and Religion.


Download Epistemic Virtues in the Sciences and the Humanities PDF

Epistemic Virtues in the Sciences and the Humanities

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319488936
Pages : 198 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (319 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Epistemic Virtues in the Sciences and the Humanities PDF or another Format written by Jeroen van Dongen and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-12-07 with total page 198 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores how physicists, astronomers, chemists, and historians in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries employed ‘epistemic virtues’ such as accuracy, objectivity, and intellectual courage. In doing so, it takes the first step in providing an integrated history of the sciences and humanities. It assists in addressing such questions as: What kind of perspective would enable us to compare organic chemists in their labs with paleographers in the Vatican Archives, or anthropologists on a field trip with mathematicians poring over their formulas? While the concept of epistemic virtues has previously been discussed, primarily in the contexts of the history and philosophy of science, this volume is the first to enlist the concept in bridging the gap between the histories of the sciences and the humanities. Chapters research whether epistemic virtues can serve as a tool to transcend the institutional disciplinary boundaries and thus help to attain a ‘post-disciplinary’ historiography of modern knowledge. Readers will gain a contextualization of epistemic virtues in time and space as the book shows that scholars themselves often spoke in terms of virtue and vice about their tasks and accomplishments. This collection of essays opens up new perspectives on questions, discourses, and practices shared across the disciplines, even at a time when the neo-Kantian distinction between sciences and humanities enjoyed its greatest authority. Scholars including historians of science and of the humanities, intellectual historians, virtue epistemologists, and philosophers of science will all find this book of particular interest and value.


Download Naturalism in the Christian Imagination PDF

Naturalism in the Christian Imagination

Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781009211987
Pages : 236 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (9 users)

GO EPUB

Download or read book Naturalism in the Christian Imagination PDF or another Format written by Peter N. Jordan and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2022-07-31 with total page 236 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A compelling contribution to 'science and religion' debates, showing how early modern thinkers reconciled naturalism with a providential world view.