Download or read book Kim Jong-un's Strategy for Survival PDF or another Format written by David W. Shin and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2020-11-09 with total page 482 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Kim Jong-un’s Strategy for Survival, David W. Shin contends that Kim Jong-un's consolidation of power at home and the leveraging of Beijing, Moscow, Seoul, and Washington, and others abroad show that he is not a madman and, like the two earlier Kims, has consistently been underestimated. Shin presents an alternative framework for Kim Jong-un’s behavior through his analysis of Kim's background and his development as the successor to his father, Kim Jong-il; the evolution of the totalitarian system Kim inherited from his grandfather, Kim Il-sung; and the security environment after Kim Jong-il’s death in 2011. This book is recommended for scholars and students of political science, Asian studies, international relations, and history.
Download or read book Kim Jong Un and the Bomb PDF or another Format written by Ankit Panda and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-06-15 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In September 2017, North Korea shocked the world by exploding the most powerful nuclear device tested anywhere in 25 years. Months earlier, it had conducted the first test flight of a missile capable of ranging much of the United States. By the end of that year, Kim Jong Un, the reclusive state's ruler, declared that his nuclear deterrent was complete. Today, North Korea's nuclear weapons stockpile and ballistic missile arsenal continues to grow, presenting one of the most serious challenges to international security to date. Internal regime propaganda has called North Korea's nuclear forces the country's "treasured sword," underscoring the cherished place of these weapons in national strategy. Fiercely committed to self-reliance, Kim remains determined to avoid unilateral disarmament. Kim Jong Un and the Bomb tells the story of how North Korea-once derided in the 1970s as a "fourth-rate pipsqueak" of a country by President Richard Nixon-came to credibly threaten the American homeland by November 2017. Ankit Panda explores the contours of North Korea's nuclear capabilities, the developmental history of its weapons programs, and the prospects for disarming or constraining Kim's arsenal. With no signs that North Korea's total disarmament is imminent over the next years or even decade, Panda explores the consequences of a nuclear-armed North Korea for the United States, South Korea, and the world.
Download or read book North Korea in Transition PDF or another Format written by Kyung-Ae Park and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2013 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Following the death of Kim Jong Il, North Korea has entered a period of profound transformation laden with uncertainty. This authoritative book brings together the world s leading North Korea experts to analyze both the challenges and prospects the country is facing. Drawing on the contributors expertise across a range of disciplines, the book examines North Korea s political, economic, social, and foreign policy concerns. Comprehensive and deeply knowledgeable, their analysis is especially crucial given the power consolidation efforts of the new leadership underway in Pyongyang and the implications for both domestic and international politics."
Download or read book The Nuclear Endeavors of the North Korean Regime PDF or another Format written by Grant Robert Germaine and published by . This book was released on 2018 with total page 72 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The North Korean regime, also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), has been on the periphery of global policy since 1950 when they invaded the Republic of Korea (ROK) in South Korea. The violent conflict between North and South Korea led to a stalemate in 1953, and an Armistice signed between North and South Korea. However, this cease-fire did not end the conflict on the Korean Peninsula. Pressure from governments such as China, Russia, and the US have been a major factor of the North Korean regime's pursuance of nuclear capabilities for deterrent purposes in order to keep their regime alive. To this day, the North Korean regime continues to advance their nuclear capabilities under the guidance of their leader, Kim Jong-Un. The nuclear advances coming from the North Korean regime has alarmed many countries in the global community to perceive the North Korean regime as a nuclear threat. Even though the North Korean regime claims their nuclear developments are for deterrent purposes, countries such as China, South Korea, and the US are concerned the DPRK's nuclear developments could lead to a nuclear conflict; regardless of whether or not that is the case. There have been many strategies implemented by the global community to mitigate the possibility of a nuclear conflict rising out of the North Korean regime, but none of these strategies have had long lasting results. The purpose of this thesis is to study each of the varied strategies put forward towards the North Korean regime and analyze how well they alleviated the risk of a nuclear conflict with the North Korean regime. Every strategy toward the North Korean regime will be summarized into three categories: first, military intervention; second, 2 Grant Germaine coercive diplomacy; and third, engaged diplomacy. Upon review, each category will be further dissected to ascertain which parts worked or didn't work in mitigating the possible threat of a nuclear conflict with the North Korean regime. I will conclude this thesis with a proposed strategy which I believe is the most effective way to mitigate any chance of a nuclear threat with the North Korean regime. I believe the best strategy to mitigate the chance of a nuclear conflict with the North Korean regime is to reinitiate the Six Party Talks, which froze in 2008, and promote diplomatic engagement with Kim Jong-Un and his regime. South Korea and China must spearhead these talks with the North Korean regime. Due to having a shared history with North Korea, China and South Korea have the best opportunity to promote engagement with the North Korean regime. As South Korea and China lead in dialogue with the North Korean regime, South Korea can propose an official peace treaty between North and South Korea. An official end to the war will further alleviate global tensions and continue to encourage Kim Jong-Un to engage diplomatically. Diplomatic engagement will promote positive reinforcement between the North Korean regime and the international community. As the international community and the North Korean regime continue engagement with one another, the North Korean regime will feel less threatened for their survival. The North Korean regime will then be less inclined to develop nuclear capabilities for deterrence purposes and the chance of nuclear conflict will diminish. While negative reinforcement of using coercive diplomacy would not be done away with entirely, there has been too much of an emphasis from other countries trying to pressure the North Korean regime to cooperate. The emphasis needs to switch 3 Grant Germaine dramatically to promote engagement with the North Korean regime for there to be hope in improving relations with the North Korean regime. This would mitigate the chance of the North Korean regime's nuclear developments turning into a nuclear conflict. As international diplomacy and engagement improves with North Korea, the final part of my strategy is to promote tourism to the North Korean regime. Tourism is a great tool to help the DPRK's economy and can tear down North Korea's level of mysteriousness in the world. Tourism from especially China and South Korea will promote better relations with North Korea and help eliminate misunderstandings between their societies. Overall, engagement with Kim Jong-Un would likely help tear down the isolation his regime has with the world and could abate his desire for nuclear development.
Download or read book Kim Jong Un and the Bomb PDF or another Format written by Ankit Panda and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-06-25 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In 2017, North Korea shocked the world: test-flying a missile capable of reaching the US, exploding the most powerful nuclear device tested anywhere in a quarter-century, and declaring its nuclear deterrent complete. Today, Kim Jong Un's growing nuclear stockpile represents a grave threat to international security. But this programme means more to him than world glory. State propaganda calls it the 'treasured sword': Kim is determined to keep ruling, and he sees his nukes as the key to regime survival. Kim Jong Un and the Bomb explores the history of North Korea's nuclear weapons development, its present power, and the prospects of containing Kim's arsenal. This book confronts us with a nuclear-armed North Korea that is not going anywhere, and reveals what this means for the US, South Korea and the world.
Download or read book Transition beyond Denuclearisation PDF or another Format written by Chan Young Bang and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-05-30 with total page 169 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book seeks to go beyond conventional literature on the North Korean nuclear issue by examining the chances of survival of the Kim Jong Un regime, both with and without the nuclear weapons program. It offers a detailed historical background of the dysfunctional North Korean economy, explores the contemporary socioeconomic condition of the country, examines the failures of the Six-party Talks and other attempts at negotiations with North Korea, and outlines a blueprint for the survival of the regime through rapid economic modernization to be put forward by the five stakeholder nations in exchange for dismantlement of the nuclear weapons program.
Download or read book Rationality in the North Korean Regime PDF or another Format written by David W. Shin and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2018-08-31 with total page 354 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Rationality in the North Korean Regime explores the history of the Kim family, examining cases of provocations from the Korean War to the August 2015 land mine incident to assess the regime's rationality.
Download or read book Understanding North Korea PDF or another Format written by Institute for Unification Education, Ministry of Unification (South Korea) and published by 길잡이미디어. This book was released on 2015-01-30 with total page 422 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Institute for Unification Education, which constitutes the Ministry of Unification of the Republic of Korea, has published annual editions of Understanding North Korea since 1972, as an endeavor to promote greater understanding of North Korea for South Korean readers. Understanding North Korea depicts the reality faced by the Northern regime in areas of politics, diplomacy, military, economy, society, culture, and many more. The May 2012 publication has been translated into English, with the aim to help the international community better understand the northern half of the Korean peninsula. English translations of the referred editions will be published on an biennial basis. We hope that this book enables readers around the world to better grasp the reality of North Korea. The regime in North Korea exhibits three characteristics: it is a totalitarian dictatorship governed by the sole leadership of the suryǒng , who stands above the Workers’Party of Korea (WPK) and the state; the regime, as one of the world’s most highly centralized and planned economies, has advocated self-reliance and the monopoly of all means of production by the state and cooperative organizations; and the state uses the concept of Grand Socialist Family which requires absolute obedience of people to the suryǒng , who is considered the father of a family. These traits engendered a peculiar form of social structure unprecedented in any other socialist country. As it had to do under Kim Jong-il, North Korea under Kim Jong-un must engage in some degree of reform and opening to improve its economy and ensure the regime’s survival. Such a path, however, also brings with it the risk of regime collapse. The regime thus faces the difficult task of maintaining stability while at the same time reforming and opening up. CONTENTS I. How should we view North Korea? Section 1. Nature of the Northern Regime 11 Section 2. North Korea’s Dilemma 18 Ⅱ. Political System and Governing Principles Section 1. History of the North Korean Regime and Establishment of its Political System 25 1. Soviet Occupation and Establishment of the North Korean Regime 25 2. Establishment of North Korea’s Political System and its Characteristics 28 Section 2. Formation of Governing Ideology and its Changing Nature 36 1. Juche Ideology 37 2. Songun Ideology 42 3. Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism 46 Section 3. Power Structure and Form of Government 49 1. Power structure 49 2. Workers’Party of Korea 55 3. Central Institutions 71 Section 4. Hereditary Succession of Power and the Kim Jong-un Regime 80 1. History of Hereditary Power Succession 80 2. Establishment and Stabilization of the Kim Jong-un Regime 86 Ⅲ. External Policies and Relations Section 1. Goals and Directions of Foreign Policies 97 1. Basic Ideas and Goals of Foreign Policy 97 2. Policy Directions 99 3. North Korea’s Foreign Policy-making Structure 102 Section 2. Changes in Foreign Policy 105 1. Foreign Policy during the Cold War Era 105 2. Foreign Policy after the Cold War Era 111 Section 3. Foreign Relations 117 1. US-North Korea Relations 117 2. China-North Korea Relations 127 3. Japan-North Korea Relations 132 4. Russia-North Korea Relations 137 5. Relations with the EU and Other Nations 141 Ⅳ. Military Strategy and Capacity Section 1. Characteristics and Functions 153 1. Establishment of the KPA 153 2. Nature and Status 155 3. Functions and Characteristics 156 Section 2. Military Policy and Strategy 160 1. Basic Objective 160 2. Military Strategy 163 Section 3. Structure and Institutions 168 1. Military Structure 168 2. Military Institutions 173 Section 4. Military Capacity 179 1. Standing Forces and Equipment 179 2. Reserve Forces 185 3. Development of Nuclear and Other Strategic Weapons 187 Section 5. Military Relations and Provocations against the South 194 1. External Military Relationship 194 2. North Korea’s Provocations against the South 199 Ⅴ. Economic Structure and Policy Section 1. Characteristics of Economic System and Basic Economic Policy 217 1. Basic Characteristics of Economic System 217 2. Basic Economic Policy 225 3. Establishment and Implementation of Economic Plans 234 Section 2. Economic Status by Sector 238 1. Macroeconomic Status and Tasks 238 2. Economic Status and Tasks by Sector 244 Section 3. Changes in Economic Policy and Outlook for Reform and Opening 259 1. Utilization and Control of Markets 259 2. Limited Opening 268 3. Prospects and Tasks for Reform and Opening 274 Ⅵ. Education and Culture Section 1. Education System and School Life 281 1. Education Policy and School System 281 2. Educational Curriculum and Methods 299 3. School Life 308 Section 2. Literary Art Policy and Current Status 314 1. Literary Art Policy 314 2. Current Status of Literature and Art 321 Section 3. The Media and its Functions 334 1. Newspapers 335 2. Broadcasting 340 VII Society and Life Section 1. Class Structure 349 1. Social Classes 349 2. Social Mobility and Class Structure 353 Section 2. Value System and Everyday Life 356 1. North Korean Citizens’Values 356 2. Daily Life and Life Cycle 362 3. Organizational Life 366 4. Clothing, Food, and Housing 373 5. Leisure and Holidays 380 Section 3. Religion in North Korea 386 1. View on Religion 386 2. Actual Conditions of Religious Beliefs 388 Section 4. Deviations and Social Control 391 1. Social Deviation and Crime committed by North Koreans 391 2. Social Control 398 Section 5. Human Rights in North Korea 404 1. Violation of Civic and Political Rights 405 2. Violation of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights 410 3. Response to Criticism on Human Rights 413
Download or read book Ideocracies in Comparison PDF or another Format written by Uwe Backes and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-10-23 with total page 400 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ideocracies, or ideological dictatorships, such as the "Third Reich", the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China have, much more than any other kinds of autocracy, characterized the history of the 20th century. Despite their undeniable loss of significance, ideocracies have not disappeared from the world in the 21st century. This book explores the functioning of ideocracies and analyses the typical interplay of legitimation, co-optation and repression which autocratic elites use in an attempt to stabilize their rule. In the first part of the book, the contributors discuss the conceptual history of the ideocracy notion. The second part offers case studies pertaining to the Soviet State, Italy, the National Socialist Regime, the German Democratic Republic, the People’s Republic of China, North Korea and Cuba. Finally, the third part compares various ideocracies and draws together key themes. Uniting the perspectives of history, philosophy and political science through the use of case studies and systematic comparisons, this book offers a unique examination of ideocracies both past and present which will be of interest to students and scholars researching political regimes, political history and comparative politics, as well as other disciplines.
Download or read book Routledge Handbook of Contemporary North Korea PDF or another Format written by Adrian Buzo and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-11-22 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary North Korea presents a comprehensive picture of contemporary North Korea, placed in historical context and set against the overlapping fields of politics, economy, culture, society and foreign relations. Spanning a period of significant transition for North Korea, this volume provides accurate analysis and applications of both historical and institutional perspectives. The volume’s chapters are representative of the growth in North Korean studies that has occurred since the 1990s, in parallel with the growing maturity of the field in South Korea, as well as with far greater levels of access to North Korean sources. The volume is divided into five Parts, each reflecting an emergent area of debate and research: The political perspective The North Korean economy Foreign relations Society Culture This is the first anthology of North Korean studies to demonstrate a clear understanding of North Korea as North Korea, as opposed to a dimly perceived and threatening rogue state. It features both Korean and non-Korean contributors, many working from primary source material. As such, this handbook will prove a valuable resource to students and scholars of Northeast Asian studies, modern Korean history and politics, and comparative politics more broadly.
Download or read book The Politics of Nuclear Weapons PDF or another Format written by Andrew Futter and published by SAGE. This book was released on 2015-02-18 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides an introduction to political and strategic aspects of nuclear weaponry. It offers an accessible overview of the concept of nuclear weapons, outlines how thinking about these weapons has developed and considers how nuclear threats can continue to be managed in the future. It includes: Coverage of nuclear testing, proliferation, strategy, global actors and disarmament. Analysis of contemporary topics such as nuclear terrorism. A timeline of key nuclear events. Annotated further reading lists helping you to locate sources for essays and assignments. Summaries, study questions and a glossary of key terms Free SAGE journal articles available on the Resources tab The author will be providing regular updates to his suggested web resources, so be sure to check the Resources tab for the most up-to-date. The Politics of Nuclear Weapons is essential reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in Nuclear Politics.
Download or read book America in Retreat PDF or another Format written by Melvin Gurtov and published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. This book was released on 2020-07-15 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a comprehensive analysis of Trump's foreign policy, including detailed case studies of policy toward key countries. Mel Gurtov makes a vigorous argument, centered on human-interest priorities, for rejecting a foreign policy that turns its back on the major issues of our times. --Carla P. Freeman, Johns Hopkins University
Author : Jagannath P. Panda
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2020-03-03
ISBN 10 : 9781000030464
Pages : 300 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 ( users)
Download or read book The Korean Peninsula and Indo-Pacific Power Politics PDF or another Format written by Jagannath P. Panda and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-03-03 with total page 300 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book assesses the strategic linkages that the Korean Peninsula shares with the Indo-Pacific and provides a succinct picture of issues which will shape the trajectory of the Korean Peninsula in the future. This book analyses how critical actors such as the United States, China, Russia and Japan are caught in a tightly balanced power struggle affecting the Korean Peninsula. It shows how these countries are exerting control over the Korean Peninsula while also holding on to their status as critical actors in the broader Indo-Pacific. The prospects of peace, stability and unity in the Korean Peninsula and the impact of this on Indo-Pacific power politics are explored as well as the contending and competing interests in the region. Chapters present country-specific positions and approaches as case studies and review the impact of power politics on stakeholders’ relationships in the Indo-Pacific. The book also argues that the Korean Peninsula and the issue of denuclearization is of primary importance to any direction an Indo-Pacific Partnership may take. Bringing together scholars, journalists and ex-diplomats, this book will be of interest to academics working in the field of international relations, foreign policy, security studies and Asian studies as well as audiences interested
Author : Liang Tuang Nah
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release Date : 2012-07
ISBN 10 : 3659189197
Pages : 76 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (189 users)
Download or read book The North Korean Nuclear Conundrum from Pyongyang's Perspective PDF or another Format written by Liang Tuang Nah and published by LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. This book was released on 2012-07 with total page 76 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For her destabilising effect from encouraging nuclear arms proliferation, North Korea is unique. While both hawkish and dovish works address Pyongyang's nuclear weapons programme, analysis concerning the mindsets, psychological paradigms and survival motivations of President Kim Il Sung, his successor, Chairman Kim Jong Il and the DPRK's current leader, Kim Jong Un appears to be lacking. As President Kim and Chairman Kim held dictatorial power while Kim Jong Un has been anointed as supreme leader, it would be prudent to understand the thinking, decision making rationales and mindsets of President and Chairman Kim as well as the constraints facing Kim Jong Un. In short, this monograph will attempt an in-depth analysis of the crucial events, ideological environments, and both domestic and international pressures that explain why a nuclear weapons programme was initiated under Kim Il Sung, further developed by Kim Jong Il and is being maintained by Kim Jong Un. Therefore, knowing the mental frameworks behind Pyongyang's nuclear ambiambitions would help analysts and their policy maker bosses derive effective strategies to promote and bring about lasting North Korean denuclearisation.
Author : Huh Moon Young, Cha Moon Seok, Jeong Young Tai, Jung Hyun Soo, Kang Gu Sup, Kwon Oh Kook, Kwon Young Kyong, Park Jong Chul, Son Gi Woong, Yeo In Kon
Publisher : 길잡이미디어
Release Date : 2013-04-10
ISBN 10 : 9788984796904
Pages : 255 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (984 users)
Download or read book Basic Reading on Korean Unification PDF or another Format written by Huh Moon Young, Cha Moon Seok, Jeong Young Tai, Jung Hyun Soo, Kang Gu Sup, Kwon Oh Kook, Kwon Young Kyong, Park Jong Chul, Son Gi Woong, Yeo In Kon and published by 길잡이미디어. This book was released on 2013-04-10 with total page 255 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Education to Strengthen our Capabilities for Peaceful Unification The 20th century was on era of “extremes” that was marked by several ideological confrontations and wars. It was a long age of persecution and patience, especially on the part of the Koreans. Nevertheless, the ideology that drove the world into chaos and the leaders who led the hostile inter-Korean relations are now fading from the center stage of history. On December 17, 2011, Kim Jong Il died after ruling North Korea with blood-and-iron politics for 37 years. The global community is now expecting significant changes within the North Korean regime, the relations between the two Koreas, and the East Asian order. The year 2015 will mark the 70th anniversary of the Korean division, which occurred in three overlapping phases: territorial, regime, and emotional. The first phase, territorial division, was introduced on August 15, 1945 when Soviet and U.S. forces divided the peninsula along the 38th parallel. The second phase, regime(sovereignty) division, was established with the formation of two separate governments on the Korean Peninsula; the Republic of Korea(ROK) was founded on August 15, 1948 and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea(DPRK) was established on September 9, 1948. The division was finalized as it reached the third phase, emotional division(of people), following the North Korean invasion of the South on June 25, 1950 and the subsequent three-year fratricidal war. Are we prepared to undertake unification and maintain peace on the Korean Peninsula? This issue is not only a national one that North and South Korea should resolve on their own, but it is also an international issue in which the interests of four relevant countries nations(the U.S., China, Japan, and Russia) are at stake. For this reason, peaceful unification requires the proper environment, capability and will from all parties. For the time being, we lack all three elements, as there are multiple levels of discord. In the global environment, competition is emerging between the hegemonic power in naval warfare(the U.S.) and the leading power in ground warfare(China). Within the Korean Peninsula, there is increased distrust due to North Korea’s provocative actions including two nuclear tests, the sinking of a South Korean naval ship, and the shelling of a South Korean island. There is discord even within South Korean society: ideological conflicts between the conservatives and liberals, regional confrontation between the southeastern and southwestern regions, generation gaps resulting from a rapid transition to an information-oriented society, and class conflicts that have emerged from neo-liberalism and the collapse of the middle class. Then What are the steps that we should take to make way for peaceful unification? We must first properly prioritize the issues at hand. The top priority should be given to national harmony, then international cooperation, and finally rapprochement on the Korean Peninsula. This is attributed to the fact that South Korean society characterized by internal organization and preparedness is the cornerstone of a peaceful unification; consequently, public education on unification is crucial. Despite the progress made thus far, unification education still has some shortcomings. Until this point in time, education on unification has strengthened a negative image of the North Korean situation, leading to arguments for the deferral of national unification and an increased number of people against it. Governmental programs that were intended to promote unification policies have also taken a passive, or even a critical approach on the issue due to its controversial nature. I would like to acknowledge that although multiple researchers compiled this book after much discussion and thorough review, it still has some shortcomings that will be address in the next edition. Finally, I’d like to express my deepest gratitude to the National Unification Advisory Council and the Unification Education Council for providing the videos and resources for our research...
Author : John Gartner, Steven Buser, Leonard Cruz
Publisher : Chiron Publications
Release Date : 2018-06-16
ISBN 10 : 9781630515904
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (63 users)
Download or read book Rocket Man: Nuclear Madness and the Mind of Donald Trump PDF or another Format written by John Gartner, Steven Buser, Leonard Cruz and published by Chiron Publications. This book was released on 2018-06-16 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download or read book North Korea - US Relations PDF or another Format written by Ramon Pacheco Pardo and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-09-04 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How has North Korea sought to normalize diplomatic relations with the US? Explaining the continuities between the Kim Jong-un and Kim Jong-il governments, as well as the discontinuities, especially the decisive move towards brinkmanship under Kim Jong-un culminating in 2017 and subsequent turn towards diplomacy, this book shows how North Korea has constantly learnt from its own experience and the experience of others to evolve and adapt its policy towards the US. This fully revised and expanded second edition draws on interviews and conversations with American, North and South Korean, Chinese and other countries’ policy-makers and experts and North Korean official media stories. It has been updated to include discussion of the post-2012 period when Kim Jong-un replaced his father to become the leader of North Korea, and provides detailed analysis of both presidencies, concluding with a study of the two bilateral summits held with President Donald Trump. Showing how weaker powers can try to achieve their main foreign policy goals with respect to great powers, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of the international relations of East Asia, US Foreign Policy, Korean Studies and Foreign Policy Analysis. It should also prove relevant to those studying international bargaining and negotiation.